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Orthopedic Surgery Terms Explained [Easy Guide for Patients] Part 2 – Body Parts

In part 1 of our Orthopedic Surgery Terms Explained [Easy Guide for Patients], we explained some terms you might find useful when talking to an orthopedic surgeon about your diagnostic procedures

Today, we are going to talk about the terms concerning body parts and elements commonly used when talking about orthopedic conditions and surgical interventions. If you don’t find what you are looking for here, please call our orthopaedic clinic and make an appointment. This way our orthopedic doctors will be able to help you with whatever you may need.

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A smooth material that covers bone ends of a joint to cushion the bone and allow the joint to move easily without pain.


The bone of the upper arm.


A place where the ends of two or more bones meet.


A white, shiny, flexible band of fibrous tissue that binds joints together and connects various bones and cartilage. 


Two crescent-shaped discs of connective tissue between the bones of the knees that act as shock absorbers to cushion the lower part of the leg from the weight of the rest of the body.

Musculoskeletal System 

The complex system involving the body’s muscles and skeleton, including the joints, ligaments, tendons, and nerves.


A scientific name for a kneecap.

Plantar Fascia

A long band of connecting tissue running from the heel to the ball of the foot.


The shorter of the two bones of the forearm. 

Soft Tissues 

The ligaments, tendons, and muscles in the musculoskeletal system. 

Synovial Fluid 

A clear, sticky fluid that is released by the synovial membrane and acts as a lubricant for joints and tendons.


The tough cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones. 


Shin bone or larger bone of the lower leg. 

Ulnar Bone 

The longer of the two bones in the forearm. 

Stay tuned for our “Orthopedic Surgery Terms Explained” Part 3, where we will explain the terms concerning common orthopedic conditions, especially those that require surgical intervention.

Outpatient Surgery Center in NC – Raleigh Orthopaedic Surgery Center

Raleigh Orthopaedic Surgery Center is the FIRST AND ONLY outpatient surgery center in the Triangle to specialize exclusively in orthopedic surgery. Raleigh Orthopaedic Clinic surgeons perform more than 4,000 outpatient orthopedic procedures on an annual basis.

Our experienced team of highly skilled orthopedic surgeons, anesthesiologists, and other professional staff work together to achieve the best possible outcome for you. The Raleigh Orthopaedic Surgery Center has board-certified surgeons and physicians with advanced training in their respective sub-specialties.

The Raleigh Orthopaedic Surgery Center, NC, is committed to providing you with world-class services during your treatment. Your care will at all times be physician-directed and patient-focused.

Find out more about our outpatient surgery center in the Triangle, by watching this video tour.

Call us to make an appointment, or to find out more today!

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The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.