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3 Different Types of Anesthesia During Orthopedic Surgery


Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical techniques to treat musculoskeletal trauma, spine diseases, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders.

During orthopedic surgery, anesthesia is used in order to numb the area or even make the patient unconscious. Anesthesia is administered before and during your surgical procedure so you do not feel pain. Some anesthetics induce sleep, while others cause drowsiness and/or numbness. There are three main types of anesthesia that can be given to you before and/or during outpatient orthopedic surgery in a surgery center in NC:

  • Local Anesthesia – numbs one small area of the body. You stay awake and alert.
  • Regional Anesthesia – blocks pain in an area of the body, such an arm or leg.
  • General Anesthesia – makes you unconscious.
Two people in scrubs with a detail shot of their hands working in a surgery

Learn more about each type and what you should know before going under:

Type 1 – Local Anesthesia

Local anesthesia is an anesthetic agent given to temporarily stop the sense of pain in a specific area of the body. You remain conscious during a local anesthetic. For a minor surgery, a local anesthetic can be given via injection to the site, or allowed to absorb into the skin.

However, when a large area needs to be numbed, or if a local anesthetic injection will not penetrate deep enough, doctors may use other types of anesthesia.

Type 2 – Regional Anesthesia

Regional anesthesia is used to numb only the portion of the body that will undergo the surgery. Usually, an injection of local anesthetic is administered in to the area of nerves that provide feeling to that part of the body. There are several forms of regional anesthetics (i.e. spinal anesthetic or an epidural anesthetic)

Type 3 – General Anesthesia

General anesthesia is an anesthetic used to induce unconsciousness during surgery. The medicine is either inhaled through a breathing mask/tube, or given through an intravenous (IV)  line.

A breathing tube may be inserted into the windpipe to maintain proper breathing during surgery. Once the surgery is complete, the anesthesiologist ceases the anesthetic and you are taken to the recovery room for further monitoring.

SURGERY CENTER NC – Raleigh Orthopaedic Surgery Center

The Raleigh Orthopaedic Surgery Center is committed to providing you with world-class services during your treatment. Your care will at all times be physician-directed and patient-focused.

surgery center nc​  shoulder surgery

You are not only a patient to us, you are an individual with your own exceptional circumstances, requirements, and needs. Our doctors, physical therapists, and other staff are devoted to bringing this standpoint to patient care, and work every day to fulfill our promise of bringing you back to the lifestyle and activities that you love.

So, if you are looking not only for a great orthopedic surgeon, but also an experienced anesthesiologist in a surgery center in NC, Raleigh Orthopaedic Surgery Center is a safe and reliable choice!

If you want to find out more about the anesthetic techniques that are used at the Raleigh Orthopaedic Surgery Center, or schedule an appointment, please call today at 919-719-3070.

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.