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Orthopedic Surgery Terms Explained [Easy Guide for Patients] Part 4 – Common Procedures

In part 1 of our Orthopedic Surgery Terms Explained [Easy Guide for Patients], we explained some terms you might find useful when talking to an orthopaedic surgeon about your  diagnostic procedures,  in Part 2parts of the body mainly affected by orthopedic conditions, and in Part 3 – we talked about common orthopedic conditions

Today, we are going to discuss the terms concerning common orthopedic procedures. If you don’t find what you are looking for here, please call our Raleigh Orthopaedic Clinic and make an appointment, so that our orthopedic doctors may help you in whatever ails you.

Common Orthopedic Procedures

There are different kinds of orthopedic surgery. Conventional procedures are now competing with minimally invasive surgeries that are considered less painful and quicker to recover from.

Let’s review the most commonly performed orthopedic procedures.

Arthroscopy Treatments

Arthroscopy is applied to diagnose and treat a broad spectrum of knee conditions. During knee arthroscopy, your surgeon inserts a miniature camera, called an arthroscope, into your knee joint.

Joint Replacement Procedures

Joint replacement surgery extracts damaged or diseased elements of a joint and substitutes them with new, artificial parts.

  • Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip replacement surgery is a surgical procedure that utilizes a prosthetic implant to replace a worn-out or faulty hip joint.

  • Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee replacement, also called arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to resurface a knee damaged by arthritis. Metal and plastic components are used to cap the edges of the bones that compose the knee joint, along with the kneecap.

Revision Joint Surgery

If an existent implant has failed, it may be necessary to remove it and insert a new one. Revision surgeries are usually needed when the patient obtained a faulty implant or an older implant has failed.


Whenever tissue necrosis has occurred and the affected tissue needs to be eliminated prior to the healing, a debridement procedure is how doctors will remove it. There are some cases where the bone is also extracted when required.

Spinal Fusion

Spinal fusions join the vertebrae together to provide more stability to the spine or to repair damage to the spine. 

Bone Fusion

Like spinal fusions, bone fusions use grafting to fuse fractured bones together so that they can heal.

Soft tissue repair

These procedures focus on torn ligaments or tendons.

Internal Fixation of Bones

This type of surgery places fragments of bones together and keeps them in place using pins, screws or plates so that they can heal. In some cases, the devices will remain inside the body.


Osteotomy is the surgical cutting of a bone, to allow for re-alignment. The purpose of osteotomy varies for different joints.

Stay tuned for Part 5 of Orthopedic Surgery Terms Explained [Easy Guide for Patients], where we will talk about common abbreviations concerning orthopedic surgery.

Raleigh Orthopedic Surgical Center

Raleigh Orthopaedic Surgery Center is the FIRST AND ONLY outpatient surgery center in Raleigh to specialize exclusively in orthopedic surgery. Our surgeons in Raleigh Orthopaedic Surgery Center perform more than 4,000 outpatient orthopedic procedures on an annual basis.

Our experienced team of highly skilled orthopedic surgeons, anesthesiologists, and other professional staff work together to achieve the best possible outcome for you. The Raleigh Orthopaedic Surgery Center has board-certified surgeons and physicians with advanced training in their respective sub-specialties.

The Raleigh Orthopaedic Surgery Center, NC, is committed to providing you with world-class services during your treatment in our Outpatient Surgery Center in Raleigh. Your care will at all times be physician-directed and patient-focused.

Find out more about our Outpatient Surgery Center in Raleigh, by watching this video tour.

Call us to make an appointment today!

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The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.